The following Blue Mountain Emu feeding programs and feeding program explanations are designed specifically for Blue Mountain feed products only that result in a "complete diet" for Emu. Our Blue Mountain complete diet formulations can be a Grind/Mix feed on-the-farm using our Blue Mountain Emu Standard Premix and our prescribed ration formulas, or they can be used by feed mills manufacturing complete commercial feeds while using the Blue Mountain Emu Standard Premix. The recommendations below apply to all Emu diets formulated by Blue Mountain using ONLY its own products.
Blue MountainFeeding Program and Feeding Recommendations for Blue Mountain Emu
Emu Chick Starter
||Ad lib (free choice)
|57 to 270 Days
||Ad Lib to 270 days (9 months)
|271 Days to slaughter
||Ad Lib or limit fed
|Breeder "off seson, Future breeders age 365 Days to start of breeder season around 24 months of age
||Limit fed for proper body condition
|Breeder season ONLY
||Ad Lib During Breeder Season
Feeding Program Explanation
BM 20% Emu Chick Starter:
Feed between 0 to 56 days (8 weeks) of age. Feed free choice and several times per day. Never feed more than 2 pounds (0.9kg) per bird per day of Starter formula. As chicks approach 8 weeks of age, begin switching to BM 20% Emu Grower feed.
BM 20% Emu Grower:
The BM Emu Grower follows the feeding of BM Emu Chick Starter--fed free choice and as much as the birds want to consume per day. Periodically check the average body condition of the birds and adjust the feeding rate accordingly. BM 20% Emu Grower can be fed all the way through to slaughter, but it is most cost effective to change to BM 18% Emu Grower-Lite at around 6 months of age.
BM 18% Emu Finisher:
BM 18% Emu Finisher is a feeding program to finish out slaughter birds at a lower cost depending on the local economy. Start feeding BM Emu Finisher no earlier than 270 days (9 months of age). Because BM Finisher is a lower protein diet, it usually can be fed free-choice but again check the body condition frequently and feed to that proper condition.
BM 16% Emu Maintenance:
BM 16% Emu Maintenance is a Dual-purpose feed. It is designed for Breeder birds as a replenisher feed during the "off-season" and for adolescent birds (replacement breeders) past 12 months of age and under 24 months of age. Begin feeding BM Maintenance to breeder birds at the end of the egg production season. Feed Free-Choice while at the same time watching the body condition of the breeder hens (ignore the males). Feed the breeders all they will eat until the body condition is correct, then decrease their daily feeding rate slightly to maintain that condition. Usually right after the laying season is complete, breeder birds are very eager to eat a good amount of feed everyday for the first 30-45 days of the "off-season". This is a natural instinct to replenish their body condition after a stressful laying season. During that time period is the opportunity to make body condition changes. Continue to watch the body condition and adjust feeding rate to compensate, BUT do not go too low on daily feed intake or the body nutrient reserves may be sacrificed. Just make sure to do everything possible to get the body condition correct BEFORE the laying season begins as the body condition cannot be adjusted or controlled again until the end of the laying season.
The Breeder "off-season" is the CORRECT time to control body condition to the right level and the time to replenish any lost body nutrient reserves. Don't overlook this annual opportunity as it directly affects the production the following year.
On adolescent birds (replacement breeders), feed them free choice and check their body condition periodically and adjust as needed.
BM 21% Emu Breeder:
Begin feeding BM 21% Emu Breeder feed when the breeder birds begin their production season, or slightly before if you can observe some mating activity. If you were dedicated to following correct body conditioning during the "off-season", all that is needed is to feed the birds free choice daily. Usually Emu will not want to eat any nearly enough feed during the breeding season so get them to eat as much as possible. Feed BM 21% Emu Breeder feed until the end of season, then switch to BM 16% Maintenance feed and aggressively start the "off-season" body-conditioning program again.
Cautions & Warnings Concerning Feeding Management:
1. Correct daily water intake for each bird is most crucial to proper feed digestion and feed utilization. Always make sure that birds have access to clean and fresh water.
In wintertime temperatures, birds will maintain their water intake and daily growth rates by providing warm water with a temperature of around 80 degrees F. (26 degrees C.). This can be an important chick growth factor in cold weather climates.
2. ALWAYS accurately weigh your feed fed to the birds with an accurate scale so you know exactly what is going on each day. NEVER use a bucket or can filled to a certain level and fed by volume--always feed by WEIGHT as the weight changes from feed batch to feed batch and within a batch. It is also a good practice to RECORD the amounts fed daily so you can track that detail. You will learn a great deal about your birds doing that. In baby chicks, recording amounts fed will also pre-warn you of coming problems as they usually begin to back-off feed a couple days before a big problem.
3. Daily Feed Frequency: All birds should be fed a minimum of twice daily--early in the morning and again in mid-afternoon. This will not only keep the feed from being damaged by sunshine and weather elements, but it will also encourage increased feed intake to maintain proper Body Condition.
Never feed birds late in the day as their only feeding for the day. If the sun goes down soon, the birds will not drink water during the night while key digestive processes are taking place. This will diminish proper feed digestion and feed utilization due to the lack of water in the intestines. Water is an important nutrient and the birds must have access to it after feeding time and for several hours after each feeding time.
4. Always be sure to empty feed troughs or pans BEFORE placing new feed in them. NEVER put new feed on top of old feed. Doing so will cause a decreased feed intake over time and cause problems with birds maintaining a proper Body Condition. The old feed from the day before can be placed in a separate trough or pan to see if birds will clean it up, but always give them the CHOICE in the matter.
5. It is most important that birds only be fed the recommended complete feed diet. A complete feed diet can be ground/mixed on the farm or it can be a commercial feed diet. NEVER give birds supplemental Alfalfa (Lucerne) or Corn (Maize) or any other mineral/vitamin supplementation in addition to their complete feed diet. Doing so will upset the correct balance and ratio of important feed nutrients the bird needs.
In cold weather or times of extreme weather stress, INCREASE the daily feeding rate of the complete feed ration--DO NOT add anything else to the feed. This will give the birds an increase of daily nutrients to fight off any stresses resulting from the weather event. It is also good management to continue this feed increase until a day after the weather has returned to normal again. This will help to maintain proper Body Condition during stressful weather occurances.
6. When Grinding/Mixing your own feed on-the-farm using Blue Mountain products and Blue Mountain prescribed formulas, NEVER substitute ingredients in the Blue Mountain formula without first contacting Blue Mountain. Blue Mountain complete feed formulations are very precise which is clearly needed for good bird performance and productivity. Making ingredient substitutions without the advice or guidance from Blue Mountain on such a change will most certainly lower the productivity and performance of the feed formula and could cause other severe imbalances in the feed ration.
Note: Feed conversion rates are subject to GOOD FEED MANAGEMENT and GOOD FARM MANAGEMENT with GOOD FRAMED BIRDS. It has been Blue Mountain's experience that Poor Feed Management, Poor Farm Management, Poor Genetics, Poor Breeder Management directly affect feed conversion rates.
The Key Steps To Increased Bird Production Is:
1. The Correct Nutrition Program
2. The Correct Feeding Management Program
3. The Correct Farm Management Program
4. A Correct Genetic Selection Program
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